The word “candle” appeared in the 14th century and comes from a small town on the Algerian coast 220 km from the capital. The city of Bejaia supplied Europe with high quality beeswax candles. Nowadays, the candle has become an object of decoration and well-being, and has long taken on much greater importance in everyday life.
Let’s retrace together the origins and evolutions of the candle through its history.
Discovering the ancestor of the candle: the candle
Since the creation of fire, light has always provided us with security. It has contributed to the development of our civilizations. We find the oldest traces of candles in 3000 BC. At the time, the rush was used as a wick. This plant was surrounded by animal or vegetable fats to ensure slow combustion. This allowed the interior of the houses to be illuminated.
It was really in the Middle Ages that the use of candles became more democratic. Tallow (animal fat) could burn the skin and the light produced appeared weak. However, they were still more practical and economical to use than oil lamps. They are then found in most homes. The upper echelons of society at the time used beeswax candles. These offered more advantages than tallow candles. They emitted more light and less odours. The high price of this wax only allowed the nobility and clergy to use it.
The father of the candle: a French scientist
It was the French chemist Michel-Eugène Chevreul who invented the first candle in the 1820s. Indeed, thanks to his scientific discoveries on saponification, he developed the stearic candle. Stearin was extracted from animal fats and provided a slow and clean combustion. His discovery will definitively replace the use of tallow candles. In the 1850s, paraffin, a waxy material & clean waste from oil, was also discovered. These two discoveries considerably developed the manufacture and consumption of candles.
Modern candles: a wide choice available
Nowadays, manufacturing processes have improved even if the fundamental principle remains the same. Most of these are made up of either mineral wax, animal wax from bees or vegetable wax (mainly soya-based). They come in all colours and scents. They will allow you to decorate and perfume your home deliciously according to your desires.
AUGET uses a mixture of mineral wax and vegetable wax to obtain a wax that is optimal in terms of fragrance diffusion and combustion.